CAR BUYING GUIDE
Buying a New Car in Japan
A brand new car, equipped just the way you want it with a full factory warranty and that new-car smell is an attractive proposition. Buying a new car in Japan is an option for those interested in driving the same car for many years, and who are willing and able to assume full responsibility for all maintenance and repairs for it. Buying is not a popular option for expats in Japan because:
- Difficult to obtain financing with no credit history in Japan
- Residing short term makes it impractical and expensive
- Arranging maintenance, repairs, and performing required administrative tasks is difficult with the language barrier
Instead, most foreign residents who want a new car find leasing the best and most hassle free option available to them. However if you are still interested in buying the first thing to note is the deceptively low sticker price at car dealerships. Sticker prices in Japan reflect neither the real cost of car ownership, or even the actual purchase price you will pay “out the door.” Rather, the sticker price includes only the purchase price of the car and consumption tax. The price you will actually pay will be higher when you include:
The cost of vehicle registration is relative to how much of the process you are either willing or able to complete yourself. You will need to receive documents from your ward office, Landlord and Local Police station. These will need to be taken to the vehicle registration office to register your car. None of this process can be done in English.
Shaken is commonly referred to as a “vehicle inspection.” It is a mandatory 60-point inspection which includes both essential safety equipment (headlights and indicator lamps) and functional equipment (tires and wheel alignment, brakes, speedometer, emissions, suspension, steering, drive shaft, muffler, engine (oil or coolant leaks) etc.
A shaken inspection is required:
- For initial registration at purchase of new car
- Three years after the initial registration of a new car
- Every two years after that in perpetuity
The final cost of each shaken Inspection will depend on how many parts the mechanic replaces in order for your vehicle to pass inspection. The fees for foreign car shaken inspection tend to be 20% higher than their domestic equivalent, but the usual cost of the inspection is between JPY 100,000 and 200,000.
Annual Vehicle Tax
This tax is based on the engine size of the vehicle in 500cc increments. (0-500cc, 500-1000cc, etc.) Smaller engines incur less tax than larger engines. Annual vehicle taxes run between JPY 30,000 and 80,000 each time.
This tax is based on the curb weight listed on the shaken certificate of the vehicle; measured in increments of 500kg. This tax is paid when purchasing a new car, or when renewing the shaken. Weight taxes run between JPY 10,000 to 80,000 each time.
This tax is paid when purchasing a new or used car that is:
- No more than 6 years old
- Has an *acquired value of over JPY 500,000. (*not the purchase price)
The Acquisition Tax is hard to estimate, but a two year old car will likely be taxed around JPY 50,000.
This certificate proves the owner has pre-paid for the required legal disposal of their vehicle at the end of its useful life. The amount paid is based on the volume and material composition of the car. A recycling certificate generally costs between JPY 10,000 and 50,000.
Compulsory Liability Insurance (CALI or JCI)
This insurance coverage is legally required, and protects the driver from liability if a third-party suffers an injury in an at-fault accident. The policy is purchased as a part of the shaken process, and covers the term of the shaken period. Mandatory Liability Insurance can cost between JPY 30,000 to 40,000 each time.
*It should be noted that compulsory coverage is very limited in its protection, and additional optional insurance is highly recommended. See car insurance in Japan to find out why.
Buying from a Dealer
The benefit of buying a new car from a dealer, besides the new car smell, is the convenience of having all the registration and paperwork largely taken care of for you. Registering a car in Japan can be a challenging process; especially if you don’t speak or read Japanese.
To buy from a dealer, you will need:
- Valid international driver's permit and foreign drivers licese or Japanese driver's license
- Copy of your Residence Card
- Original Resident Certificate issued by the ward office within the last 3 months (a Juminhyo)
- Seal Registration Certificate from the ward office (an Inkan Toroku Shomeisho)
- Your registered hanko, or name stamp (registered at the ward office)
- Car park certificate from owner of property or car park where you will park the car
- A loan from a bank or credit agency (you will need a guarantor and even then it is a bit iffy)
- Cash up front
Pros of buying a new car in Japan
- New car smell
- The dealer will complete most, if not all, required paperwork for you
- Once paid for, the car is yours and free of car payments
- If you are able to sell your car when you leave Japan, you may be able to recoup some of your money back.
Cons of buying a new car in Japan
- In the event of an accident or other problem you will be solely responsible for all paperwork and payments
- You are responsible for the ongoing maintenance, paperwork, and costs of ownership such as: periodic shaken inspections, as well as annual vehicle and weight taxes
- You must sell the car, or arrange or and pay for its disposal when you leave Japan
- Unlikely to be more economical if residing in Japan short term
- Requires full amount in cash if you cannot arrange a car loan
Due to the difficulty of obtaining a loan, the fact that many foreign residents of Japan are here only for short term period of two or three years, and the lower upfront costs associated with leasing, most expats find it more convenient to lease a car for the duration of their time in Japan.
Buying a Used Car in Japan
Buying a used car in Japan is similar in process to buying a new car. It requires many of the same taxes paid and forms filled out as buying a new car does.
Used cars are good bargains in Japan largely because of the shaken system. A new car’s shaken is valid for three years, at which point the car must once again pass the mandatory 60-point inspection (costing between JPY 100,000 and 200,000) to the renew your vehicle’s registration. After that, the shaken must be renewed every 2 years. The end result of this is that cars are sold just before the shaken runs out, most people preferring instead to buy a new car and let their dealer renew and resell it. This creates an interesting phenomenon where the majority of used cars for sale are 3, 5, 7, 9, or 11 years old. When buying a used car, the first thing to note is the length of shaken remaining.
Buying from a dealer
Buying a used car from a dealer is the locally favored option, and like a new car it is relatively straight forward; they will handle most of the paperwork and leg work, making the process simple; pick out a car, pay the dealer, fill in some forms and get on the road in a “new to you” car. Dealers provide the ability to wander a lot and see the actual cars they have on offer, but they do not provide much in terms of the car’s history, mostly require Japanese ability to deal with, and there are still issues getting loans as a short term resident.
Buying a car directly from its previous owner is less common in Japan, but it offers significant benefits for buyer and seller. The seller gets more than they would trading it in, and the buyer gets a cheaper price when compared to a dealer, and on top of that, privates sales between individuals are tax exempt, saving you even more. The downside of private sales are that loans are not possible, and the paperwork and leg work must be completed by the buyer.
Auctions sales through Lease Japan are an excellent way to get the car you want for the price you need. What is an auto auction? Auto auctions are where car dealers and exporters make bids to buy cars wholesale. Every week tens of thousands of cars are sold at auction at many locations throughout Japan, and among them you will surely find almost any type of vehicle you can think of in any budget range.
How it works.
When a car is submitted to the auction for sale it is inspected by the auction house, whose inspectors then add it to an online database photos and information including:
- Engine size, condition, and mileage
- Exterior condition (rating) and color
- Interior condition (rating) and color
- Shaken expiration date
- Service history (accidents, maintenance, major repairs)
Once uploaded, members of the auction can search available cars and decide which they want to bid on during the auction.
Lease Japan Auction Sales
Lease Japan specializes in helping expats find cars that suit their needs while offering a level of service that exceeds their expectations. If you are looking for a reasonably priced, quality used car with low mileage the easiest way to find it is to let Lease Japan’s professionals find one for you amongst these auction cars.
In addition to the official inspection by the auction house, Lease Japan’s own inspectors will thoroughly check the car on the day of the auction, before submitting a bid. Our strict inspection process means you can buy with confidence, and all our sales come to with:
- All English language service
- Assistance with registration and paperwork
- Your car delivered to your door
- Assistance with car insurance